a feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease, typically about an imminent event or something with an uncertain outcome.Anxiety is an emotion characterized by an unpleasant state of inner turmoil, often accompanied by nervous behavior, such as pacing back and forth, somatic complaints, and rumination. It is the subjectively unpleasant feelings of dread over anticipated events, such as the feeling of imminent death. Anxiety is not the same as fear, which is a response to a real or perceived immediate threat, whereas anxiety is the expectation of future threat. Anxiety is a feeling of uneasiness and worry, usually generalized and unfocused as an overreaction to a situation that is only subjectively seen as menacing. It is often accompanied by muscular tension, restlessness, fatigue and problems in concentration. Anxiety can be appropriate, but when experienced regularly the individual may suffer from an anxiety disorder.
People facing anxiety may withdraw from situations which have provoked anxiety in the past. There are various types of anxiety. Existential anxiety can occur when a person faces angst, an existential crisis, or nihilistic feelings. People can also face mathematical anxiety, somatic anxiety, stage fright, or test anxiety. Social anxiety and stranger anxiety are caused when people are apprehensive around strangers or other people in general. Furthermore, anxiety has been linked with physical symptoms such as IBS and can heighten other mental health illnesses such as OCD and panic disorder.
Anxiety can be either a short term “state” or a long term “trait“. Whereas trait anxiety represents worrying about future events, close to the concept of neuroticism,anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety disorders are partly genetic but may also be due to drug use, including alcohol, caffeine, and benzodiazepines (which are often prescribed to treat anxiety), as well as withdrawal from drugs of abuse. They often occur with other mental disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, eating disorders, major depressive disorder, or certain personality disorders. Common treatment options include lifestyle changes, medication, and therapy.
- You often feel worried or like something bad is going to happen
- You take a long time to get stuff done because it has to be perfect
- You always think things will end badly or feel like you can never do things
- You’re irritable and constantly in a bad mood
What is anxiety?
Anxiety is an uncomfortable feeling of worry or fear, and is a normal human response to a lot of situations. Everyone feels some anxiety at different times in life. It’s the way our body tries to keep us out of dangerous situations, and motivates us to solve problems. But if you feel so anxious that it gets in the way of you living your life, or causes a lot of distress- that’s a problem. If this is happening to you, you can do something about it.
Anxiety can affect both your physical health and your mental health and the symptoms might be short lived, or stay for a long time. It can cause you to:
Become worried or constantly feel something bad is going to happen
Often ask unnecessary questions, or need constant reassurance
Get upset when a mistake is made, or if there is a change of routine
Be a perfectionist, care too much about things being ‘just right’
Be argumentative, especially when you’re trying to avoid something that worries you
Become irritable or constantly in a bad mood
Common ways anxiety might affect your body:
Having dry mouth or difficulty swallowing
Having difficulty sleeping
Having difficulty concentrating
Experiencing muscle aches and pains (especially neck, shoulders, back)
Feeling restless, or trembling and shaking
Having a rapid heart and breathing rate
Experiencing sweating, dizziness, headache
Feeling sick – nauseous, vomiting, or having diarrhoea